Treatments and options
We offer a wide range of treatment options. Because the best treatment for each woman or couple varies. We consider your situation sensitively and create a personalized treatment plan designed for you as an individual. One of our priorities is to ensure the treatment fits into your everyday life as well as possible. Many couples quite understandably do not want their fertility issues to become a topic of conversation in the family or at work.
Hormonal disorders can result in reduced fertility in women. In many cases medication or regulation of the hormonal cycle is enough to remedy this problem.
For women who are not ovulating, it is possible to stimulate follicle growth using hormone treatment. This can be administered either in the form of tablets or by injection. Once ovulation has been triggered (with an injection of human chorionic gonadotropin [hCG]), a pregnancy can be attempted.
For insemination treatment the semen is prepared and placed close to the egg cell, increasing the chances of fertilization. Ovulation is triggered and 24-36 hours later fresh high-quality semen is prepared and transmitted into the uterus. This painless procedure may also be accompanied by hormone therapy.
For in vitro fertilization, hormone therapy is used to stimulate the development of follicles, which are then punctured to extract the egg cells via the vagina. In our laboratory these harvested egg cells are prepared for in vitro fertilization and combined with sperm from the male partner. With this method, the sperm have to penetrate the egg cells without any further help – so this stage is just like the natural process.
Checks are carried out to see if fertilization has taken place. If the result is positive, the fertilized egg is cultured in a nutrient solution for two to three days (up to a maximum of five days) and then transferred painlessly into the woman’s womb (embryo transfer). If the egg implants itself successfully in the womb lining, the resulting pregnancy is no different from a spontaneous pregnancy.
ICSI is a special form of IVF. In this procedure, the embryologist injects a single sperm cell into an egg cell. This ensures that even when there is a very low sperm count, fertilization can still take place.
Embryos harvested during IVF or ICSI treatment that have not been returned to the womb can be deep frozen and stored in liquid nitrogen, then thawed at a later stage and used for a subsequent treatment. At our Fertility Center cryopreservation is carried out by vitrification, which is currently the most successful method available.
As well as freezing embryos, we can also freeze sperm cells and egg cells. Freezing egg cells for the purpose of “egg cell banking” can help to extend fertility to a later age. However, in Austria this is currently subject to strict legal constraints.
We offer a procedure known as polar body diagnosis. This aims to minimize the risk of miscarriage.
Polar bodies develop while the egg cell is maturing and during fertilization, and are “superfluous material” that is not needed for the further development of the embryo. However, these polar bodies contain the same genetic information as the egg cell. This means that by examining the polar bodies, it is possible to identify genetic abnormalities inherited from the mother. This allows the risk of miscarriage to be reduced. The growing embryo remains completely untouched during examination of the polar bodies.
Women over the age of 35 may particularly benefit from polar body diagnosis, as incorrect distribution of the genetic material is more prevalent with increasing age. Polar body diagnosis may also be used if there have been several unsuccessful IVF attempts or repeated miscarriages.
Make an appointment now for your initial consultation!