Metabolism, hormones, nutrition
Metabolic illnesses and disorders arise when the body lacks important substances (such as hormones) or when they are produced or stored in excess in the body. This results in an imbalance in the body’s circulatory systems. Metabolic disorders may be congenital or can be acquired during a person’s lifetime. Often the person’s own lifestyle may play a role in the development of a metabolic illness.
Find out more about nutritional counseling from our dietician.
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease characterized by high levels of blood sugar. There are two main forms of diabetes, type 1 and type 2, and other specific forms such as pregnancy diabetes.
The thyroid gland is located in the neck and controls various metabolic processes by producing hormones. These thyroid hormones regulate body temperature, fluid balance, oxygen consumption, and brain functions, amongst other things. They also influence growth and physical development.
Thyroid disorders can affect the entire organism. For this reason, if there is the slightest reason to suspect a thyroid disease, immediate and thorough investigation and diagnosis is essential. The most common illnesses include:
- Goiter and the formation of nodules
- Inflammation of the thyroid gland
- Thyroid insufficiency
- Basedow's disease (also known as Graves' disease)
The female sex hormones regulate the monthly reproductive cycle, and have countless other functions, as is evident from the numerous symptoms that can occur during the menopause – i.e. when the ovaries cease to function.
Hormonal disorders are common and manifest themselves in numerous forms of illness, but can be easily treated with targeted hormone therapies. Hormone-related illnesses include:
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